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Quartzite Mountain
Hiking Around Las Vegas, Desert National Wildlife Refuge
Quartzite Mountain
Quartzite Mountain
Trailhead parking (view NE)


Quartzite Mountain, a delightful and seldom-climbed peak, is the highest peak in the Las Vegas Range, the mountain range that borders the northern edge of the Las Vegas Valley. This hike begins in the Mojave Desert Scrub and runs up washes and canyons on an old road for 4.5 miles to a saddle in the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland. From the saddle, the route turns and runs off-trail up ridges and around quartzite boulders for another 2.3 miles to the summit. Views from the top are spectacular and extend into Utah, Arizona, and California, and thankfully, exclude almost all the Las Vegas urban area.

Link to map or elevation profile.

Quail Spring Guzzler
Quail Spring guzzler (view N)

Watch Out

Other than the standard warnings about hiking in the desert, ...this is a fairly safe hike. The trailhead should be accessible with a 2WD-HC vehicle, but inquire locally or use a 4WD. In a 2WD, stop atop a hill about 200 yards short of the trailhead. There is a bit scrambling on the summit ridge, and the summit requires somewhat exposed, minimally 3rd-class scrambling, but if hikers can get that far, it shouldn't give them any trouble.

While hiking, please respect the land and the other people out there, and try to Leave No Trace of your passage. Also, this hike is long and remote, so be sure to bring the 10 Essentials. This is a wildlife refuge, so pay extra attention to respecting the land. Please, don't bother the bighorn sheep. They have a hard enough time making a living in these desert lands.

Quartzite Mountain
Old road along the wash (view N)

Getting to the Trailhead

This hike is located on the Desert National Wildlife Refuge, about 2.5 hours north of town. From town, drive out to Corn Creek Field Station and continue east 50 yards to a T-intersection. Turn right onto Mormon Well Road and drive south and then east for 4.35 miles to Gass Peak Road. Turn right onto Gass Peak Road (south) and follow it east for 8.6 miles to a fork about 1/2 miles past a signed service road to the right.

Stay left onto Quail Spring Road and drive north another 1.4 miles to a parking area and trailhead at the end of the road. This road is a bit rough, so in a 2WD vehicle, consider stopping about 1 minute short of the trailhead at a wide spot on the crest of a steep hill. Either way, park here; this is the trailhead.

Quartzite Mountain
Washed out road (view N)

The Hike

From the trailhead (Table 1, Waypoint 01), the route passes the metal barricade and runs northeast on an old road that quickly disappears into a wash. Following the wash, the old road eventually emerges from the gravel and generally runs up the west side of the wash.

The vegetation here is Mojave Desert Scrub. The hillsides are dominated by Joshua Trees, Blackbrush, and Mojave Yucca, but there are many other species including nice examples of Indian Rice Grass. The wash supports a dense array of robust shrubs, including rabbitbrush, cliffrose, Apache plume, saltbush, Mormon tea, and a variety of sunflower shrubs.

Quartzite Mountain
Ridge above saddle (view E)

About 0.47 miles out, the route passes the Quail Spring guzzler (Wpt. 02), which is in the mouth of a shallow side canyon on the west side of the main wash. Approaching the guzzler, watch for wildlife (e.g., bighorn sheep, mule deer, and desert cottontail rabbits) fleeing into the hills.

Continuing up the old road, the vegetation gradually begins to change. The first Utah juniper appear about 1.26 miles out (Wpt. 03), and the first single-leaf pinyon pines appear about 1.80 miles out (Wpt. 04). Somewhere along here, the common yucca species changes from Mojave Yucca to Banana Yucca. Cholla and Pricklypear cactus also become more common.

Quartzite Mountain
Quartzite outcrop (view S)

The old road, heavily washed out in places, continues up the main canyon, then almost imperceptibly turns to the east and runs up into a side canyon and around a hill, eventually turning back to the north. By the time the route passes an old campsite (Wpt. 05), the habitat type is clearly Pinyon-Juniper Woodland.

The old road runs up onto a saddle (Wpt. 06) with great views to the northwest towards Hayford Peak, the highest peak in the Sheep Range. Atop the saddle, the route leaves the road and runs off-trail up hillsides and ridges.

quartzite mountain
Approaching the summit (view N)

The Singleleaf Pinyon pines and Utah Juniper trees on the ridge are fairly dense, but not so dense as to be a problem for hiking between them. Cliffrose, Mormon tea, banana yucca, sagebrush, and several varieties of cholla, hedgehog, pincushion, and pricklypear cactus fill in the gaps, but travel is fairly easy. In several places, quartzite boulders (white, sparkling rock) and rocky quartzite outcrops impede progress, but there are no cliffs of other major obstacles.

The off-trail route up the ridge to the south (false) summit is fairly straightforward. Fairly steep hillsides are followed by gentle ridges leading ever upward except for shallow saddles between knobs and hillsides. From the saddle (Wpt. 06), the route runs east and up the hillside to the ridgeline (Wpt. 07), climbs to a rocky knob (Wpt. 08) and drops slightly into a saddle, climbs past a quartzite knob on the side of the ridge (Wpt. 09), runs out to a highpoint (Wpt. 10), and eventually runs up to the south summit (Wpt. 11).

Quartzite Mountain
False summit (view N towards true summit)

It turns out that contouring across the west face of the south summit, below the quartzite crags of the south summit, would be better, but it is hard to tell that from below. Consider this alternative for the hike back down.

From the south summit (Wpt. 11), the route runs north along the broad summit ridge to the true summit (Wpt. 12). Climbing onto the rocky summit knob requires some minimally 3rd-class scrambling. The route is easy and secure, but with a bit of exposure on both sides.

Quartzite Mountain
Flat area before summit knob (view N)

The summit is a rocky knob formed of hard quartzite rock. Most of the quartzite is fine grained, as would be expected because quartzite is formed from sand or sandstone. However, there also is a thin layer of small, angular stones, suggesting that the sand, and here gravel, may have deposited on some ancient seashore.

Despite the shallow soils on the rocky summit knob, there are several small singleleaf pinyon pine, one Utah juniper, several Apache plume and big sagebrush, and one nice green ephedra growing on the summit. Although the peak is clearly within the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland (Upper Sonoran Life Zone), there are a few Joshua Trees on the summit ridge.

Quartzite Mountain
Summit (view NW)

The sparse vegetation on the summit knob does not obscure the spectacular views. To the east, views extend past the Mormon and Virgin mountains out into Utah. To the southeast are Lake Mead and mountain ranges running off into Arizona. To the south are Gass Peak and a sliver of urban Las Vegas, with more mountain ranges running off into the haze. To the west, the Sheep Range blocks views to the horizon, but gives nice views of Sheep and Hayford peaks. In front of the Sheep Range are the Yucca Forest and the Pine Nut Road, Pee-a-Boo Canyon, and the Mormon Well Road. To the north and northeast are the Arrow Canyon Range and other ranges running up into the Great Basin.

Quartzite Mountain
Hayford Peak (view NW from summit)

Return to the trailhead by retracing the route back down the ridges to the old road, and then follow the old road back to the trailhead. After dropping off the summit knob, consider contouring around the west side of the south summit. The sidehill is easier to traverse than the south summit ridge. Hiking back down the ridges, it is sometimes difficult to tell when to cut down the sidehills to the next ridge. Be sure to stay to the south and avoid dropping into the canyon bottoms.

Table 1. Hiking Coordinates Based on GPS Data (NAD27, UTM Zone 11S). Download Hiking GPS Waypoints (*.gpx) file.

Wpt Location Time Easting Northing Elevation (ft) Point-to-Point Distance Cumulative Distance Verified
01 Trailhead 0:00 666648 4035031 5,148 0.00 0.00 GPS
02 Quail Spring guzzler 0:11 666867 4035688 5,258 0.47 0.47 GPS
03 First junipers 0:33 667898 4036181 5,470 0.78 1.26 GPS
04 First pinyon pine 0:49 668373 4036849 5,573 0.55 1.80 GPS
05 Old campsite 1:50 670189 4039543 6,336 2.40 4.21 GPS
06 Saddle 1:57 670254 4040031 6,463 0.31 4.52 GPS
07 Top of first steep part 2:08 670443 4040069 6,598 0.14 4.66 GPS
08 Side of a rocky knob 2:18 670713 4040154 6,719 0.23 4.89 GPS
09 Quartzite knob 2:23 670829 4040168 6,747 0.09 4.97 GPS
10 A high point 2:59 671294 4040626 7,143 0.47 5.44 GPS
11 High point 3:03 671310 4040715 7,159 0.07 5.51 GPS
12 Summit 3:27 671354 4041110 7,183 0.31 5.82 GPS

Happy Hiking! All distances, elevations, and other facts are approximate.
copyright; Last updated 171221

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